Home > Soul > Part III > 37. Quantum Information Processing in the Mind

Section A

Section B

Section C

Section D

Section E

Section F

 

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Figure 37a. This chapter shows that the mind could be a quantum computer with qubits implemented by polarized electromagnetic waves (photons). These photons are emitted from ions as they pass through ion channels, just like the electrons oscillating in an antenna.

For decades, a few researchers have speculated that quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as wave interference and superposition, may play an important role in consciousness, but concrete evidence remains elusive. Moreover, two arguments were often raised against the quantum brain hypothesis (Jedlicka, 2017):

  1. Neuronal signaling molecules, neurons and neural networks are too large to manifest wave natures.
  2. The noisy, wet and warm environment will cause decoherence of quantum states within a tiny fraction of a second.

Specifically, Koch and Hepp (2006) wrote:

"Two key biophysical operations underlie information processing in the brain: chemical transmission across the synaptic cleft, and the generation of action potentials. These both involve thousands of ions and neurotransmitter molecules, coupled by diffusion or by the membrane potential that extends across tens of micrometres. Both processes will destroy any coherent quantum states. Thus, spiking neurons can only receive and send classical, rather than quantum, information. It follows that a neuron either spikes at a particular point in time or it does not, but is not in a superposition of spike and non-spike states."

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Figure 37b. When a neuron fires, most ion channels are open, allowing ions (e.g., Na+ and K+) to pass through the channels, thereby producing electromagnetic (EM) waves. The ion channel thus resembles a straight antenna in which oscillating electrons generate polarized EM waves (photons).

Although the brain is unlikely to be a quantum system, the mind could be. According to mind-body dualism, the mind is an entity distinct from the brain. Conscious perception of a scene is imprinted in the mind, not the brain. Thus, the information about perceived scenes is stored in the "mind" whose physical nature remains to be elucidated. In Part I, it has been proposed that the mind is a quantum-mechanical system composed of gravitational (GR) and electromagnetic (EM) waves emitted from ions in ion channels.

Remarkably, a growing number of researchers believed that the photon-based qubits (Slussarenko and Pryde, 2019) could be a more promising approach to quantum computing. Psi Quantum, a startup company that has raised over $200M since 2016, claims: "A useful quantum computer requires at least a million qubits.....Photonics is the only way to deliver 1,000,000 qubits."

The "bit" is a basic unit of information in computing and digital communications. A "qubit" refers to the quantum bit in quantum information processing. Like the classical bit, a "qubit" also has two basis states, usually denoted as "0" and "1". However, qubits can exhibit quantum phenomena such as superposition between basis states and entanglement among qubits.

Further details are discussed in the following sections.

A. The HOM Interference

B. Quantum Entanglement

C. The Importance of Gravitational Force in Coherence

D. The Qubits of the Mind Information

E. The Mind is a Bose-Einstein Condensate

F. Two-Stage Perception by the Mind

 

Author: Frank Lee
Posted on: 2020-09-15