Home > Conscious > 4. Neural Oscillations


Neural oscillations are rhythmic or repetitive neural activity in the central nervous system. In single neurons, it may display as periodic changes in the membrane potential below threshold, or a train of nerve impulses (Figure 4-1). A population of neurons may also oscillate synchronously. The brain waves recorded by electroencephalography (EEG) are the results of synchronized oscillations. They play crucial roles in conscious perception and memory functions.


Figure 4-1. Examples of neural oscillations. The black and red curves represent subthreshold oscillations and nerve impulses, respectively.

4.1. Introduction to Oscillations

4.2. The Principles of EEG

4.3. Brain Waves

4.4. Slow Oscillations

4.5. θ-γ Nested Oscillations


Author: Frank Lee
First Published: July 15, 2016